About Bucharest, Romania capital, one of the things you will hear always from the one that stepped its threshold is “here you won’t get bored!”. You can think and start a lot of activities, no matter your desire or your available time. You can start a new business, you can relax just as you want, you can see unique attractions or, why not, you can start your academic life. It’s a modern city, young, european under all aspects but, in the same time, it keeps its culture and originary past. Bucharest can give you all!
About Bucharest »
Bucharest, Romania capital for almost 150 years, is one of the most dinamic and full of life european cities. In Bucharest, you will find one together the qualities of an economic, administration or political centre, combined with the ones of an historical, academical and leisure city. The wide range of possibilities for the citizens of Bucharest, as much for the tourists is, indeed, particular.
With almost 3 millions of citizens and a six centuries documentary attestation, Bucharest is the center of Romania from all aspects, political-administrative, economic and with recognized academic activity. For all this reasons, the city attracts constantly people from all regions of Romania and from the entire european structure.
The capital is divided in six sectors and is positioned in Romania’s south est part, between Ploieşti and Giurgiu, bordered by Dâmboviţa river. Likewise, the city is tresspassed by numerous lakes, as Herăstrău, Floreasca, Tei or Colentina, and in the centre we can go to Cişmigiu Park. So, although Bucharest is a big urbanistical centre, the parks and nature places can be found. Beside Cişmigiu, anyone can visit Herăstrău Park, with the famous Museum of Village (Μuzeul Satului), Botanical Garden (Grădina Botanică), with over than 10.000 plants species, Youth Park (Parcul Tineretului) or Alexandru Ioan Cuza Park.
An important characteristic of this city is represented by its architecture that, together with the modernism adoptted in the past, helped it gain the title of “Little Paris”. Bucharest is the fortunate proof of passing through hard historical times, although keeping its identity. From Citadel of Dâmboviţa, than to the tipical structure of a city, than to lorldly residency and, after that, in 1459, during the reign of Vlad Ţepeş to became capital. In continuation, the city witnessed king’s abdication, ending of royal period, beginning of communism, two World Wars, the terrible earthquake from 1977, the 1989 events, of course, and to the actual transfer to capitalism system.
The cultural centre of Bucharest identifies itself with the institutios acitivy that were created here. National Theatre, Academic Society, Philarmonic Orchestra, Bucharest University, Romanian Atheneum are just a few of those. Beside those, the main political administration institutions have their head office here: Parliament Palace, Government, Romanian Presidency and, in the same time, Polytechnic Institute, Medicine Institute, the biggest national libraries (Academic Library, with an existence began in 1867, National Library or Central Univeristary Library) or the impressive offices building of Europe House from Victory Plaza. Urban access to all these institutions can be realised through public, aerian, rail infrastructures or, as mayoralty promised in the future, through Danube-Bucharest channel.
Bucharest is, also, an important romanian academic centre, with 10 state univerities and 10 private managed. Here you can visit also the biggest historical palaces, as Mogoşoaia Palace, built by Constantin Brâncoveanu in 1702, Ghica Palace, Ştirbei, the University or Cantacuzino Palace. Bucharest represents, also, an important centre of museum attractions, through National History Museum, National Art Museum, „Grigore Antipa” Natural History Museum or Museum of Romanian Peasant.
Regarding the worship places, in Busharest we will find several very old churches and monasteries: The Church of Romanian Patriarchate (1668), The Stavropoleos Church (1724), Old Yard Churh (1545-1547) or Sangov Monastery (1456-1462). From the sportive point of view, you must know that here have been developed the most important romanian sport clubs, Steaua, Dinamo and Rapid.
On the other hand, if you arrive in Bucharest, you will find easily the right choice for accomodation. Here are available multiple types of touristic accomodation, hotels, hostels, private apartments, university campuses, with a wide range of prices from the premium to budget ones.
History of Bucharest »
The popular legend says that Bucharest was founded by Bucur, a simple sheperd. In the same time, historical professionalists consider that Bucharest was built by Mircea cel Bătrân, at the end of XIV century. The documentary attestation is from 20 september 1459 and it has Vlad Ţepeş signature, reigning at that time of Ţara Românească. At 14 october 1465, under Radu cel Frumos reigning, Bucharest became lordly residency.
The status of capital of Ţării Româneşti is obtained in 1659 under Gheorghe Ghica reign. Starting with this date, Bucharest modernization begins and are built the first river rock paved roads, the first superior academic institution (Lorldly Academy, in 1694) and it is finished Mogoşoaiei Palace. As historical note, first manufactory appear in Bucharest at the beginning of XVIII century, an example is one of the wax manufactory documentary attested in 1764. Two years and than three years later appear „Factory of cloth from Afumaţi” and „Factory of Paper from Fundeni”.
At the end of XVIII century, city modernization is fully developing, through local establishment of a big number of craftsmen and wallachian working people. In the revolution period of 1821, the socio-professional structure of Bucharest was represented by craftsmen, merchants, clergymen, governors and man-servants. At 1830, it is founded “Citizens Council” and today’s capital is splitted in five areas. Since the Romania’s independence proclamation, at 1877, Bucharest became Romania’s capital, and the social-economic development start raising.
First rail road was Bucharest-Giurgiu, founded in 1869, and in 1870 it is put in function the Bucharest-Ploieşti-Galaţi-Roman one. Bucharest-Filarest railway station was built in 1869, and one year later North railway station. In interbelic period, Bucharest strengthens its status of industrial, comercial and financial romanian centre. As an example, 17% of the total number of the important factories were here. Regarding Băneasa airport, it was put in use in 1921, and in 1933 it is founded the Telephones Palace. Important city destruction took place during the second World War, when important historical buildings disappear. Than, the same thing will happen in the communist period regarding worship buildings, especially in the case of churches (Saint Friday, Văcăreşti Monastery or Enei Church).
Ιn communism period, Bucharest recognized an important urbanistical, arhitectural development, because of the numerous flats built. In this way were created today’s neighbourhoods Titan-Balta Albă, Taberei Road, Berceni and Militari. While we pass through Bucharest past, we find the confirmation of the reason for whom, at this time, here is concentrated the political-administrative, the educational-cultural and economic centre, through the financial, comercial instutions and banks that develop here their activity.
Bucharest has charm because of all this major national institutions, but also cause of its mosaical identity, sometimes traditional or oriental, otherwise just occidental.
Bucharest City Breaks »
Bucharest City Breaks
When you want just to relax and nothing else, Bucharest is the right place. No matter your musical, ambiental or even coffee related preferences, Bucharest can give it to you at any hour. Dozens of clubs, restaurants and coffee-shops will help you choose the best option for your stay, on every evening spent here.
Among the most frequented clubs we can remember you Club A, Cristal, Twice, Interbelic or Gossip. For all this clubs, special parties became a rule, so it’s almost impossible to miss them. If you want a welcoming and joyful pub, we recommend you Becker Brau Live Music, Café&Bistro Da’ Mask, Derby Pub or Dorde Bistro Café. For a good movie, you can go to Movieplex Cinema, Studio or Patria Cinema or even Hollywood Multiplex. You will only have to choose according to your favourite movie type. In case you would like to have a good meal, bucharest people recommend Restaurant&Club Exile, La Rocca, Zvon Pub&Grill or, for an italian kitchen, Sensazioni restaurant.
Nights in Bucharest will be unforgetable, because the quality of products, hospitality is without a stain. And the friendly atmosphere you’ll be welcomed, will complet your stay in Bucharest. The fun, when the qualities above mentioned are accomplished, is guaranteed. What is, also, pleasant and interesting in Bucharest is the fact that you can diversify your nights exactly how you want. If at your first time, maybe, you will prefer a downtown cocktail, in the next day you can go for a meal in a traditional restaurant or spend till dawn in one of the most dinamic clubs.
Top places to Eat in Bucharest »
Top place to Eat in Bucharest
The restaurants offer is extremely varied in Bucharest but for you, with awareness decisions, we picked the best 10.
Hard Rock Café
Good music welcomes you just from the moment when you pass its threshold. The same is for the large space at your disposition, LCD’s for the live concerts or, of course, the servers. The ones that arrived here assimilated the menu with the ones used in London or New York, so you will enjoy an atmosphere pure occidental. The cocktails will be on you taste, hard or soft, but Triple Platinum Margarita haf never received a bad degree.
Minimalistic tone, modernist way in which the place is created beside its location, in the old area of the capital, will let you a strong impression. Among the basic “points” of the menu you shouldn’t miss quaesadilla duck, goulash richened by beef or the chicken sour cream and basil, “tochitura” or Kiev chicken. At dessert, you can choose with confidence the home-made chocolate cake or the cheese one.
Here is the right place for that perfect romantic dinner in Bucharest. The terrace is placed on the roof of Residence hotel, so the star sky and Caşin church will guard your night silence. Restaurants menu is a mediteranean one, but contains also international options. We recommend you salmon with chips garreting, chicken involtini, mediteranean salad and chocolate cake.
French kitchen specialities won’t disappoint you here. You can enjoy seashells with garlic, scotland solmon, pickled, with honey and mustard or butter seashells of Burgundy with garlic flavour. A special aspect of the restaurant is the fact that the menu is changing in every moment of the day, so you will stay with a gastronomic impression accordingly with your arrival hour. Other specialities we suggest to you are beef sauce “turnedou” with “Roquefort” sauce and vegetables made at frying pan or pork fille with apricot together with caraway carrots. For dessert try ice-cream with nougat, honey and forest fruits sauce or, if not, flavoured crème brulée with saffron. Bon appétit!
Caru' cu Bere
Bucharest atmosphere, the one in which literature character Mitică was born, is captured here by all aspects. Special architecture, wood local construction and the faultlessly service make from „Caru’ cu Bere” an unforgetable place of your journey in Bucharest. If you have a little luck, and arrive in one of the week-end days, at night, you will be the witness of a live traditional concert, together with dances also. If not, the beer served in old ceramics goblets, traditional “papanasi” with comfiture or romanian meat-balls will memorably comfort you.
As the name recommends it, the restaurant can be found in the center of Bucharest and we recommend it for the business meetings or, in general, in case of your important meetings. The relaxing atmosphere and the hospitality services will let you a good impression. For the main menu, you could order spicy ink grate fish, crispy vegetable rolls or, why not, a chinese chicken.
Is the ideal choice to understand and, of course, to fully enjoy the typical romanian gastronomy. Here it is more likely to give up your diet, just for one night. For a hunting dish, for a oven pheasant or for some gorgeus stuffed cabbage roll it worth the sacrifice. Or you can flatter your senses with a pork cutlet withered in black beer with butter mushrooms or, why not, with a simple, traditional pork bone with beans, and than immediately try one of the wine from romanian vineyard. All of this period, the restaurant orchestra will truly accomplish your night.
Even you will prefer the „La şosea” restaurant, for its romanian atmosphere from XVIII century, or “The park” one, for its green oasis and the live band, you won’t forget this experience.
In the road to Mogoşoaia Palace, you will meet one of the centennials bucharest restaurants. Just as you arrive here, you’ll be welcomed with bread, salt, roasted nuts and romanian “ţuică”. The rustic specific of the restaurant and its menu will remind you about your childhood grandparents. Here the chefs are proud with the best caldron chiken, “made by a secret receipe”, but we recommend you also the famous Pleşcoi sausage or rooster bortsch with homemade noodles.
Trattoria „Il Calcio”
This is one of the favourite restaurants of football lovers from everywhere. Fans of the italian league, romanian and foreign famous coaches, they all come back here with pleasure. Italian kitchen is a recogniyed passion of the chefs. Here you can order any specific italian pizza made at wood oven, pastas sortiments, and also various pork, calf, beef specialities or the fish or sea fruits ones.
Top ten tourist attractions in Bucharest »
Top ten tourist attractions in Bucharest
The old Lipscani centre
The area of the main road Lipscani or the old Bucharest centre was recogniyed, between XV and XVIII centuries as the main comercial artery of the today capital. The name cames from the german Leipzig, from the times when here were comercial exchanges. After year 1990, the center was restored in the banks and old houses areas, but its second part is still rebuilding. The charm of this area is given by the ancient streets, comercial hostels of around two centuries old, „Hanul Teiului” (1833) or “Hanul lui Manuc” (1808). The architecture of the Lipscani streets is charming, and can be admired houses with only one floor, built in renaissance style, baroque or neo-classical. Here you can see also the buildings from the XIX century, Stavropoleos Church, built in 1724, famous restaurant “Caru’ cu Bere”, impressing CEC Palace or Old Lordly Yard.
The most controversial romanian building and maybe, because of its meaning, from the world, deserves your visit, once you arrive in Bucharest. Built at the beginning of the year 1983, in the last part of Nicolae Ceauşescu lead system, the building represent a huge edifice dedicated to the personality cult of the reminded character. The construction was realized by 400 architects, worked 20.000 people and, by its surface of 330.000 m2 occupies second place in the „Record Book” after Pentagon. Another few impressive numbers: 12 surface levels, 8 subsurface; volum – 2.550.000 m3, length – 270 m, width – 245 m, depth – 92 m, earth built surface – 66.000 m2; used resources: 1.000.000 m3 of marble, 900.00 m3 of wood essence, 2.800 branch lights, 3.500 tons of cristal and 3.500 m2 of leather. After 1989, some of the buildings sections function as parliament rooms, such as Deputy Chamber, Romanian Senate or House of South-Est European Cooperation Initiative.
In the middle of Bucharest, you can meet brancovenean architecture art of orthodox Stavropoleos Church. Although it suffered from the natural earthquakes (1802 and 1838), the restauration started at 1900 succeded to give its specific. It was raised in 1724, during Nicolae Mavrocordat reign and, altough small, is one of the most beautiful. It can be found in the back of National History Museum and it was built by the greek archimandrite Ioanichie Stratonikeas.
National Village Museum Built in 1936, creation of the folklorist and sociologist Dimitrie Guşti, „the sad sound of history Romania bells” it stands on a surface of 30 hectars and present 70 establishments. It is uncoliled outside and creates every time to the visitors the perfect image of the rural medium and of the rural romanian habits from the beginning of XVII century until the XIX century. The architecture of the establishments, chest dowers, clay specific objects, carpets and terris, all will show you the simple, artistical romanian peasant belief of life.
The institution is remarcable through its architecture, imagined by frech architect Albert Galleron in 1886. The building is prefaced by a peristyle, and under this there are five mosaical medallions with the biggest five leaders of Ţării Româneşti, Neagoe Basarab, Alexandru cel Bun, Carol I, Vasile Lupu and Matei Basarab. The interior concert room can accomodate aproximately 800 persons, and the spectacular fresco situated around cupolas cylinder presents the 25 biggest scene from Romania history, work of Costin Petrescu.
Museum From 1950, the museum has its localization in the ex Royal Palace and, here, can be visited European Art Gallery and Romanian Modern Art Gallery. The museum collection was built, in the first palce, strating from the 214 works of the king Carol I, and than with paintings of other royal family members. On the European Art Gallery has been added too valuable paintings from Brukenthal Sibiu Museum. Today, the museum has almost 3.000 painting and sculpture works. The Romanian Modern Art Gallery is open in 11 rooms and has works of the most important romanian artists, as Nicolae Grigorescu, Constantin Brâncuşi, Theodor Pallady or Dimitrie Paciurea.
The english park atmosphere can be met even in the town center, in the oldest public garden from 1830. Its name comes from the two fountain built here under Alexandru Ipsilanti reign in 1779 year. Through its 16 hectars surface and with five entrances, any tourist can get lost in the fresh air and can omit the return way, not accidentaly, but by good will.
With more than 300 years of history, the palace of Mogoş boyar is unique by its romanian renaissance architectural style, brancovenean, but also through its venetian and ottoman influences. Beside this, the Museum of Brancovenean Art accomplish the place. Its cultural importance was increased at the beginning of XX century, through the impressive effort of princess Martha Bibescu, that offered its fortune for the palace renovation. Romanian Peasant Museum Its impressive museography of 100.000 objects talks about traditions and romanian art, and can’t be missed by any of the Bucharest visitors. The building architecture hosts unique collections (ceramics, popular costumes, fabrics, iron pieces) is inspired from the brancovenean tradition, but impressive remain the arcades, sawed elements or its turret.
National Military Circle Palace
In the middle of the first World War, the romanian press related about Military Circle that is “the most beautiful, the most imposing from all the palaces with who, in the last decades, science and aesthetic sence of the biggest romanian and foreign architects endowed Romania”. Central culture instituton of the romanian Army can offer to you one of the most fine romanian, byzantine and gothic architecture achievements. All this, through its six rooms, Marble Room, Moorish Room, Byzantine Room, Gothic Room or Norwegian Room.