The Ionian Island Corfu, located off the western coasts of Greece in a strategic position at the entrance of the Adriatic Sea. One of many places in Greece with great history has its roots in the 8th century BC. The three forts of the town, designed by renowned Venetian engineers, were used for four centuries to defend the maritime trading interests of the Republic of Venice against the Ottoman Empire.
Mainly the houses of the Old Town are partly from the Venetian period, partly of later construction, notably the 19th century influenced by the British rule.
Historically, Corfu’s roots go back to the 8th century BC and to the Byzantine period. It has thus been subject to various influences and a mix of different peoples, Corfu was under Venetian rule for some four centuries during the 15th century, then passing to French, British and Greek governments. Corfu has a unique identity, which is reflected in the design of its system of fortification and in its buildings. As such, it can be placed alongside other major Mediterranean port cities.
The neo classical buildings and the port of Corfu are dominated by the fortresses of Venetian origin, which represents a stunning architectural example of outstanding value in both its authenticity and its integrity.
The overall form of the fortifications has been retained and displays traces of Venetian occupation, including the Old and the New Fort, but primarily interventions from the British period. The present form of the ensemble results from the works in the 19th and 20th centuries. The authenticity and integrity of the town material are primarily those of a neo-classical town.
The responsibility for protection is shared by several institutions and relevant decrees. These include the Hellenic Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of the Environment also relevant is the nomination of the property as world heritage from UNESCO.
Liston Square is the biggest and one of the most historical squares in the Balkan area. Liston is popular to visitors and a place where they can find numerous cafes and shady places to sit and have a cool drink or snack.
This stylish and aristocratic walkway will remind you of arcades in France. Liston was designed by the French engineer de Lesseps in 1807. According to tradition, this was the place where the upper class lived since it was the families whose names were listed (from λίστα, lista in Greek), were entitled to walk on the walkway.
The Liston today is a meeting place for everybody with different architecture reflects and many cultural styles that have passed through this town.
Cricket in Corfu has a long history, the first recorded game taking place on St. Georges Day on the 23rd of April 1823 between the British Garrison and the Royal Navy. From then on, only twelve years needed for the Corfiot’s to learn the game and start creating cricket clubs. Since 1823cricket has become a tradition in Corfu.
The east coast of Corfu is rugged, its cove-like beaches and in most cases small than the beaches on the west cost of Corfu. All around the island the beaches are clean and the waters are crystal clear. The west coast was sandy beaches and where the sand is the majority of the visitors spend their time. Areas with beaches like this are Kavos in the south, or Rodha, Glyfada, Kassiopi and Ipsos popular with English and Germans. On the north-east coast the best way to visit is to hire a boat.
• The Spianada, the biggest square in Greece, and the center of the city's life.
• The stunning beaches all around the island.
• The kantounia streets of the old town, west of the Spianada.
• The ancient churches of Corfu town and the Venetian fortresses.
• The bars and restaurants at and around Liston and in the old town
• The recitals of the Corfu Philharmonic.
• An early breakfast at Liston, to enjoy the quiet and the incredible morning light as the city wakes up.
• Wandering in the streets, visiting the churches, and walking around the Spianada. Have dinner behind Liston, in one of the Corfiot cuisine restaurants have a taste of Corfu with Sofrito and Pastitsada.
• Going to Corfu on holiday and not spending at least a day in Corfu town!